QR Code Phishing Attempts to Steal Qualifications from Chinese Language People

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Each and every working day, tens of millions of online and application end users enter the ubiquitous username and password in the myriad of areas where by they shop, do the job, fork out expenditures, socialize, and stream amusement. This exercise carries major chance. If one particular of people places is compromised, that username and password information and facts typically finds its way to darkish world-wide-web markets wherever it is presented for sale. And individuals credentials can be really valuable (and expensive to the proprietor!) if they can be reused in sites like a financial establishment or online buying web-site that have monetary worth for the legal.

Affected Platforms: Mobile and Desktop
Impacted People: Mobile and Desktop
Influence: Potential to steal qualifications
Severity Degree: Medium

Cybercriminals use a assortment of tactics made to steal credentials. FortiGuard Labs recently discovered an intriguing phishing marketing campaign utilizing a selection of QR codes to target Chinese language consumers. It aims to steal qualifications by luring people into coming into their data into a phishing internet site owned by the risk actor.

The phishing e-mail

The e-mail is fairly uncomplicated and streamlined and is made up of a Microsoft Phrase attachment.

The e-mail tries to spoof the Chinese Ministry of Finance. Translated to English, the e-mail issue in Determine 1 reads: “Re: Discover on the software for particular labor subsidies in 2022”. The body states, “Please simply click on the attachment to perspective the notification of the Ministry of Finance’s application for own labor subsidies in the fourth quarter of 2022!”.

The Microsoft Phrase attachment, “转发:关于财四季度个人劳动补贴申领通知.docx” interprets to: “Forward: Discover on Application for Own Labor Subsidy in the Fourth Quarter of Fiscal Calendar year.docx.”


As soon as the attachment is opened, the user is presented with some textual content and a huge QR code in the centre of the document.

QR Code

A QR code requires an software to read and translate it into a thing actionable. Most cell phones have this operation as a result of their digital camera, and software package packages are available on all important platforms to do this from a computer system.

In just about every of the examples FortiGuard Labs located, the QR code contained in the Microsoft Term attachments delivered a URL for the person to stick to. When the user does this using their desktop platform or cell device, they get there at a website controlled by the risk actor.

Internet site

FortiGuard Labs reviewed the connected web-site. It is a spoofed facsimile of a DingTalk occasion (it must be observed that as of the publication day, this web-site is now offline). DingTalk is a broadly used enterprise communication system developed by Alibaba Group. Presented the arrive at of the system and its significant selection of consumers, credentials for it would be useful.

The person is directed to a pop-up concept box that implies their DingTalk account has dedicated some unspecified company violation(s) and that it will be frozen with out verification in 24 hrs.

Right after acknowledging the information box, the user is invited to enter their qualifications to address the challenge.


Qualifications deliver a valuable source for criminals and threat actors by offering a direct route into a victim’s applications or environment. These might be utilized specifically or marketed to an additional team for use in their operations. This instance reveals that attackers are putting major effort and hard work into making sure their landing webpages glimpse as practical as possible and that their lures can persuade victims to permit down their guard.

No matter what the attacker’s motives, these attacks will undoubtedly be widespread for some time. Consumers are cautioned to verify email messages, not open attachments or back links, and by no means enter credentials into a web site they have not found right before. Somewhat than employing a gained link, consumers are inspired to go to the recognised main website of the seller to carry out any business enterprise. Buyers can also hover about a connection to glimpse for an unconventional URL. Companies are also encouraged to supply teaching to people to enable them discover and steer clear of destructive e-mail attachments and links.

Fortinet Protections

Fortinet shoppers are already shielded from this malware through FortiGuard’s World wide web Filtering, AntiVirus, FortiMail, FortiClient, and FortiEDR solutions, as follows:

The pursuing (AV) signature detects the malware samples described in this blog site



The WebFiltering consumer blocks all community-based mostly URIs.

Fortinet has many options intended to support teach people to understand and detect phishing threats:

The FortiPhish Phishing Simulation Service makes use of actual-earth simulations to assistance corporations exam consumer consciousness and vigilance to phishing threats and to teach and reinforce correct methods when end users face specific phishing attacks.

In addition to these protections, we propose that organizations have their stop users endure our FREE NSE instructionNSE 1 – Details Safety Awareness. It includes a module on World wide web threats intended to assistance close customers find out how to discover and defend them selves from several sorts of phishing attacks.


File-dependent IOCs:



重要通知.docx (Vital Notice.docx)


转发:关于财四季度个人劳动补贴申领通知.docx (Ahead: See on Software for Personalized Labor Subsidy in the Fourth Quarter of Fiscal Year.docx)


财务重要通知.docx (Money Vital Notice.docx)



Community-based IOCs:


IOC style


Credential theft website


Credential theft internet site


Credential theft site


Learn much more about Fortinet’s FortiGuard Labs threat research and world-wide intelligence group and Fortinet’s FortiGuard AI-powered Security Products and services portfolioIndication up to receive our threat exploration blogs.

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